Parish Rates Evaluation
On 12th May 1815, an Act was passed for the easier assessing, collecting and levying of county rates. This made what looked like a hopeful beginning of reforming some of the anomalies and absurdities previously in operation. A universal system of valuation of rateable property was proposed. This was designed to ensure that the county rate would henceforth fall evenly on different parishes within a county, and also that a uniform system of valuatlon should be applied within each parish (From :- Taxation in Britain since 1660 by R.Douglas).
The original Rates Valuation book fo the Parish of Hathern for 1824 was passed to the History Society by Mrs Sheila Swift in 2016 and has been transcribed :-
Valuation covers plot numbers 1-443. A few are missing but some are split (e.g plot 252 and 252a) so in total 462 plots. IMPORTANT FIND. An undated estate map has been found in the Records Office which appears to be the one that corresponds with the Rates Book. This is invaluable as it enables us to establish where everyone lived precisely in 1824, 47 years after the Enclosure award. Work is ongoing to analyse these 2 valuable sources of information. Due to the size of the map it is shown in in 4 separate links :-
The following information is provided for each plot :-
(1) Type of ownership (“tenure”) i.e Freehold or held as Lessee to Christ’s College, Cambridge or Wyggeston Hospital.
(2) The Occupier (there are 176, some renting from several different owners), or “Unoccupied” (1) or “In Hand” i.e to the Owner.
(3) The plot description (e.g. “House and Garden”) or blank (if just an area of land). Interesting references are made to tanyard occupied by Michael Forster, Malt Office occupied by John Caldwell, Butcher’s occupied by Thomas Harriman, Committee Room and Smith’s shop owned and in hand by Henry Davenport, Butcher occupied by William Keightley Jnr., Blacksmith’s Shop occupied by William Peberdy, Church and Churchyard owned and in hand by Rev. Phillips, the Anchor occupied by William Boss, a Shop owned and in hand by William Swift, and a Public House owned and in hand by John Wright. In this precis the interesting references are highlighted in red.
(4) The acreage (“Quantity”) in Acres, Roods (4 to an acre) and Perch (40 to a Rood). Total quantity is 1291 acres.
(5) The value per Acre in whole shillings (where plot does not have a house etc..). All except 1 plot are in range 14-44 shillings per acre. Not transcribed.
(6) The Value of the plot and buildings thereon (4) x (5). Total £2132. Not transcribed.
All plots are described as “House etc.” and there are 34 of them spread over 11 plots (nearly half of them on 2 plots). Total waste is just over half an acre at a value of £29.
For each owner the total Quantity and Value of Land is shown by type of tenure. By value, the land (total value £2162) is divided £1575 Freehold (72%), £318 leased from Christ’s College (15%), £249 Wyggeston Hospital (12%) and £29 Waste (1%). 8 owners with land worth more than £100 each own 60% of land by value and 70% by acreage – these are (in order) – Rev. Phillips, Richard Boyer, Samuel Bowley, C.M. Phillipps Esq., Mrs. Buckley, Edward Dean and John Boyer.
On Pages 61-69 is the Valuation of the Parish. For all occupiers (including those on Waste) the annual value of the land is shown (total £2162) and the Rate levied at 10 pence in the Pound (total £90).
The following are notes made by Dave Neville in Jan 2016 :-
Rates Map 1824
Henry Spittle property identified 74/75
Malt Office and Yard - NW side of A6 at Zouch Road junction 302
Tanyard identified, Tanners Lane 19
2 Willow Beds 249, 253
Blacksmiths 9, 177
Anchor Inn 24
Public House (Kings Arms) 211
No farms named, however buildings on map which appear to equate to later farms
May Farm 16, 21
Moors Farm 10,11,12,13
Dovecote Farm 39
Dales Farm 66?
Meadow Farm 76, 77
Stints Farm 194
Stone House Farm 29,30,31,32
Identifiable buildings with surrounding land in same ownership
Green Hill Farm 166, 197,198,223,224,225,226,237,238,240
Oakley Grange 334, 337,338
Was this the start of the farms?
Plots are very different from 1777 plots.